萊斯利‧瑞斯克拉 Leslie Altman Rescorla
萊斯利‧瑞斯克拉 Leslie Altman Rescorla

賓夕法尼亞州布林莫爾學院(college Bryn Mawr)的心理學教授萊斯利‧瑞斯克拉(Leslie Rescorla)兒童心理學 (語言發展調查)LDS

64 羅特 | Julian B. Rotter
64 羅特 | Julian B. Rotter

Rotter locus of control scale
朱利安·B·羅特(1916-),美國心理學家,對心理學中的兩大傳統――強化理論和場理論作了整合,發展了社會學習理論。1950年他完成了語句填補測驗,把投射技術予以數量化,用于診斷個體適應不良的程度。1988年獲美國心理學會頒發的杰出科學貢獻獎。
Leading personality theorist, received his PhD from Indiana University in 1941, first psychologist to use the term “social learning theory,” stated that our subjective expectations and values, which are internal cognitive states, determine the effects that different external experiences will have on us, devoted substantial research on our beliefs about the source of our reinforcers (internal vs. external locus of control), suggested that outcome expectancy and reinforcement value, behavior potential yield a psychological situation

68 路特 | Michael Rutter
68 路特 | Michael Rutter

路特(1933-),

英國發展變態心理學家,主要從事對自然和教養在個體發展過程中的相互作用的研究,并運用自然實驗來檢驗基因和環境在心理發展中所起的作用。1987年當選為英國皇家協會成員,1995年獲美國心理學會頒發的杰出科學貢獻獎。

 

84 羅森塔爾 | Robert Rosenthal
84 羅森塔爾 | Robert Rosenthal

Rosenthal effect
羅森塔爾(1933-),美國社會心理學家,加利福尼亞大學教授,主要研究興趣是人際期望,即一個人對另一個行為的期望本身將導致該期望成為現實。同時他還對非言語交流很感興趣。
  Robert Rosenthal received both his B.A. and Ph.D. degree in psychology from UCLA, and taught at Harvard University for 37 years--first as a lecturer, later as chair of the Department of Psychology and Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology. He has been a Distinguished Professor at UC Riverside since 1999. Dr. Rosenthal has lectured widely in the United States and around the world, and has received numerous awards and honors for his teaching and research. He was a Senior Fulbright scholar in 1972 and a Guggenheim fellow in 1973-74. In 1998 he was awarded several distinguished lectureships at the University of New Hampshire, at Dartmouth College, and at Yale University School of Medicine.
Dr. Rosenthal's research focuses on the role of the self-fulfilling prophecy in laboratory situations and in everyday life.
Robert Rosenthal's Experimenter Effects in Behavioral Research was published. By 1979, this book had been cited in over 740 other works and was featured as a "citation classic" in the journal Current Contents. Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson's book Pygmalion in the Classroom was published. The book reported the effects of teacher expectancies on teacher and student behavior. By 1980, this book had been cited in over 700 other publications and was chosen as a "citation classic" by the journal Current Contents

85 洛奇赤 | Milton Rokeach
85 洛奇赤 | Milton Rokeach

洛奇赤(Dec--27, 1918 —— Oct-25, 1988),
美國社會心理學家、精神病學家,密西根州立大學教授。致力于對信仰、態度、尤其是價值觀的研究。他的書經常被社會科學家所引用。
Rokeach’s studies in social psychology concentrated on the relationship between the rigid dogmatic personality style and attitudes, social ideology, prejudice, and problem solving. His findings resulted in his books The Open and Closed Mind (1960) and The Nature of Human Values (1973). He received the Lewin Award in 1984.

88 魯姆哈特 | David Rumelhart
88 魯姆哈特 | David Rumelhart

魯姆哈特(June 12, 1942 – March 13, 2011) ,

Rumelhart–Lindsay–Norman process model
美國認知心理學家,主要從事認知神經科學和人工智能方面的研究。魯姆哈特的研究從描述語義網絡中長時記憶的特點開始,他在這方面所做的工作對70年代認知心理學的興起作出了貢獻。1991年當選為國家科學院院士,1996年獲美國心理學會頒發的杰出科學貢獻獎。
Received his PhD in mathematical psychology from Stanford University in 1967, contributions to the formal analysis of human cognition, frameworks of mathematical psychology, parallel distributed processing, and symbolic artificial intelligence, research in characterizing long term memory in terms of semantic networks, work in the development of neurally inspired computational architectures, work contributed to the emergence of cognitive science in the 1970’s, recently diagnosed with Pick’s disease, a progressive neurodegenerative illness.
Eponym: Rumelhart-Lindsay-Norman process model

賴希 Reich
賴希 Reich

威廉・賴希 [Wilhelm Reich 1897.03.24-1957.11.03],奧地利出生的美國心理學家,心理分析家。他出生于奧地利加里西亞(Galicia),因心臟病逝于美國賓夕法尼亞州劉易斯堡(Lewisburg)的監獄中。

霍華德·拉克林 Howard Rachlin
霍華德·拉克林 Howard Rachlin

Howard Rachlin 紐約州立大學石溪分校的心理學家,他最初的工作是鴿子的操作行為的定量分析,后來成為行為經濟學的創始人之一。他目前的研究主要集中在時間推移的選擇模式,以及這些模式如何影響自我控制(他曾與George Ainslie等合作)。他在行為經濟學的興趣包括:決策,囚徒困境,成癮和賭博。他是行為定量分析學會最初的董事局成員之一。

蘭斯·里普斯 Lance Rips
蘭斯·里普斯 Lance Rips

Lance Rips 西北大學認知心理學家,研究領域:推理、概念(尤其是個別對象與事件在時間上變化時的概念)、記憶和數學(特別是新的數學系統的推理)以及自傳記憶。

賈科莫·里佐拉蒂 Giacomo Rizzolatti
賈科莫·里佐拉蒂 Giacomo Rizzolatti

賈科莫·里佐拉蒂(英語:GiacomoRizzolatti,1937年4月28日-),意大利帕爾馬大學的神經生理學家。他的研究小組發現了獼猴額葉和頂葉皮質的鏡像神經元,并寫了許多關于該主題的科學文章。他曾是歐洲腦與行為學會的會長。2011年獲阿斯圖里亞斯親王獎。2014年獲歐洲大腦獎。

Karen D. Rudolph 卡倫·D·魯道夫
Karen D. Rudolph 卡倫·D·魯道夫

伊利諾大學心理學副教授Karen D. Rudolph http://www.psychology.illinois.edu/people/krudolph

拉瑪錢德朗V.S.Ramachandran
拉瑪錢德朗V.S.Ramachandran

維蘭努亞·拉瑪錢德朗(Vilayanur Ramachandran)V.S. RAMACHANDRAN, M.D., PH.D.,is Director of the Center for Brain and Cognition and professor with the Psychology Department and the Neurosciences Program at the University of California, San Diego, and Adjunct Professor of Biology at the Salk Institute. Ramachandran trained as a Physician and obtained an MD from Stanley Medical College and subsequently a PhD from Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, where he was elected a senior Rouse Ball Scholar. Ramachandran's early research was on visual perception but he is best known for his work in Neurology.

Richard M. Ryan瑞安
Richard M. Ryan瑞安

自我決定理論,假定他人可以經由人類的三種心理需求-自主感、勝任感和連繫感產生動機。

羅森漢恩 Rosenhan
羅森漢恩 Rosenhan

羅森漢恩(David Rosenhan)的假病人實驗。

Julian Rappaport 萊帕波特
Julian Rappaport 萊帕波特

Julian Rappaport 萊帕波特,伊利諾斯心理學系,將賦權概念引入社會工作和社區精神病學領域。研究領域:社區心理學、社會政策、少年司法、學校咨詢、少數民族兒童教育、社會變革背景下的個人身份認同、敘事理論、賦權理論、增權理論等。
他的名言是: Having rights but no resources and no services available is a cruel joke!有權利,但沒有可用的資源和服務是一個殘酷的玩笑。

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