64 羅特 | Julian B. Rotter

64 羅特 | Julian B. Rotter

Rotter locus of control scale
朱利安·B·羅特(1916-),美國心理學家,對心理學中的兩大傳統――強化理論和場理論作了整合,發展了社會學習理論。1950年他完成了語句填補測驗,把投射技術予以數量化,用于診斷個體適應不良的程度。1988年獲美國心理學會頒發的杰出科學貢獻獎。
Leading personality theorist, received his PhD from Indiana University in 1941, first psychologist to use the term “social learning theory,” stated that our subjective expectations and values, which are internal cognitive states, determine the effects that different external experiences will have on us, devoted substantial research on our beliefs about the source of our reinforcers (internal vs. external locus of control), suggested that outcome expectancy and reinforcement value, behavior potential yield a psychological situation

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